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Atztec

Aztec bezeichnet: Orte und andere geographische Objekte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aztec (Arizona) · Aztec (New Mexico) · Aztec Lodge (Arizona); Aztec. Boone: The Aztec World. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books Alfonso Caso: The Aztecs: People of the Sun. University of Oklahoma Press, ohne Ort Whereas some scripts only existed for a short time – the Indus script disappeared along with its culture, the scripts of the Mayas and Aztecs were destroyed by.

Aztec Empire: So ein Aufbauspiel hatten wir noch nie

Aztec bezeichnet: Orte und andere geographische Objekte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aztec (Arizona) · Aztec (New Mexico) · Aztec Lodge (Arizona); Aztec. Boone: The Aztec World. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books Alfonso Caso: The Aztecs: People of the Sun. University of Oklahoma Press, ohne Ort From 15 October the Weltmuseum Wien is hosting an exhibition that showcases the legendary art and culture of the Aztecs.

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Tenochtitlan -The Venice of Mesoamerica (Aztec History)

Sanders, William T. Axayacatl Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Das Aztekenreich entstand aus dem Aztekischen Dreibund der drei Stadtstaaten Tenochtitlan, Texcoco und Tlacopan im heutigen Mexiko, welcher seine Wurzeln auf das Jahr zurückführt. Aztec bezeichnet: Orte und andere geographische Objekte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aztec (Arizona) · Aztec (New Mexico) · Aztec Lodge (Arizona); Aztec. Boone: The Aztec World. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books Alfonso Caso: The Aztecs: People of the Sun. University of Oklahoma Press, ohne Ort Many translated example sentences containing "Aztec" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Ich habe ein Konto. Objects found there, were considered sacred and in most cases brought Schach International their main temple in Tenochtitlan Mexico-City. Adjektiv Substantiv. The Aztecs were Native American people who lived in Mesoamerica. They ruled the Aztec Empire from the 14th century to the 16th century. The name "Aztec" comes from the phrase "people from Aztlan". Legends say that Aztlan was the first place the Aztecs ever lived. Aztec rule has been described by scholars as " hegemonic " or "indirect". The Aztecs left rulers of conquered cities in power so long as they agreed to pay semi-annual tribute to the Alliance, as well as supply military forces when needed for the Aztec war efforts. The Aztecs, who probably originated as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico, arrived in Mesoamerica around the beginning of the 13th century. Aztec, self name Culhua-Mexica, Nahuatl-speaking people who in the 15th and early 16th centuries ruled a large empire in what is now central and southern Mexico. The Aztecs are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their origins, probably in northern Mexico. Aztec definition is - a member of a Nahuatl-speaking people that founded the Mexican empire conquered by Cortes in

Coat of Arms of Mexico , also present in flag. See also: Aztec cuisine and List of Mexican dishes. Mesoamerica portal Indigenous peoples of the Americas portal Civilizations portal.

I believe it makes more sense to expand the definition of "Aztec" to include the peoples of nearby highland valleys in addition to the inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico.

Readers will find some variation in the terms authors employ in this handbook, but, in general, different authors use Aztecs to refer to people incorporated into the empire of the Triple Alliance in the Late Postclassic period.

An empire of such broad geographic extent [ Scholars often use more specific identifiers, such as Mexica or Tenochca, when appropriate, and they generally employ the term Nahuas to refer to indigenous people in central Mexico [ All of these terms introduce their own problems, whether because they are vague, subsume too much variation, are imposed labels, or are problematic for some other reason.

We have not found a solution that all can agree on and thus accept the varied viewpoints of authors. We use the term Aztec because today it is widely recognized by both scholars and the international public.

In English the variant "Montezuma" was originally the most common, but has now largely been replaced with "motecuhzoma" and "moteuczoma", in Spanish the term "moctezuma" which inverts the order of t and k has been predominant and is a common surname in Mexico, but is now also largely replaced with a form that respects the original Nahuatl structure, such as "motecuzoma".

Indeed no conquests are recorded for Motecuzoma in the last years of his reign, suggesting that he may have been incapable of ruling, or even dead Diel Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 30 August Online Etymology Dictionary.

Archived from the original on 7 July The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 5 January Macmillan Publishers. Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 12 April Archived from the original on 12 April Part One: Historical Films".

Native American Films. Archived from the original on 15 October The Early History of Greater Mexico. Prentice Hall. In Deborah L. The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs.

Barlow, Robert H. The Americas. University of California Press. Beekman, C. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. Berdan, Frances Case Studies in Cultural Anthropology.

Berdan, Frances F. Hodge; Michael E. Smith; Emily Umberger eds. Aztec Imperial Strategies. Imperial Strategies and Core-Periphery Relations".

The Essential Codex Mendoza. Aztec Archaeology and Ethnohistory. Cambridge University Press. Berdan, F.

Ancient Mesoamerica. Boone, Elizabeth Hill Austin: University of Texas Press. Brading, D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bright, W. Brumfiel, Elizabeth M.

Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association. Bueno, Christina University of New Mexico Press. Burkhart, Louise M.

Indian women of early Mexico. Dialectologia et Geolinguistica. Campbell, Lyle Oxford Studies in Anthropoical Linguistics, 4.

Carrasco, David Boston, MA: Beacon Press. The Aztecs: A very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. Carrasco, Pedro University of Oklahoma Press.

Charlton, Thomas Mesoamerica Part 1. Chipman, Donald E. University of Texas Press. Cline, Howard F. Cline ed. Cline, Sarah Mesoamerica Part 2.

The Aztec palimpsest: Mexico in the Modern Imagination. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Diel, Lori B.

RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics. Elson, Cristina; Smith, Michael E. Franco, Jean Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. Frazier, E.

In Cora Ma. Falero Ruiz ed. Escudo Nacional: flora, fauna y biodiversidad. Gibson, Charles Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Gillespie, Susan D. Greene, Doyle Gutierrez, Natividad University of Nebraska Press. Hajovsky, Patrick Thomas Harner, Michael American Ethnologist.

Haskett, R. Indigenous rulers: An ethnohistory of town government in colonial Cuernavaca. Hassig, Ross Civilization of the American Indian series.

Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica. Berkeley: University of California Press. Polygamy and the Rise and Demise of the Aztec Empire.

Haugen, J. Journal in English Lexicology. Helland, J. Woman's Art Journal. Hirth, Kenneth G. The Aztec Economic World.

Himmerich y Valencia, Robert The Encomenderos of New Spain, Hodge, Mary G. James; Minc, Leah D. Latin American Antiquity.

Humboldt, Alexander von University of Chicago Press. Isaac, B. Journal of Anthropological Research. Karttunen, Frances ; Lockhart, James Estudios de Cultura Nahuatl.

Kaufman, Terrence Project for the Documentation of the Languages of Mesoamerica. Revised March Keen, Benjamin The Aztec image in Western thought.

New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. Keen, B. Kubler, George Hispanic American Historical Review. Lacadena, Alfonso VIII 4.

Fifteen Poets of the Aztec World. Norman, Oklahoma : University of Oklahoma Press. Estudios de la Cultura Nahuatl. Bernardino de Sahagun, First Anthropologist.

Mauricio J. Mixco trans. Lockhart, James Repertorium Columbianum. Translated by Lockhart, James. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Culture.

Tamoanchan, Tlalocan: Places of Mist. Mesoamerican Worlds series. Translated by Bernard R. Ortiz de Montellano; Thelma Ortiz de Montellano.

Niwot: University Press of Colorado. The Offerings of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

MacLeod, Murdo Martz, Louis L. New Directions Books. Matos Moctezuma, Eduardo New Aspects of Antiquity series.

Doris Heyden trans. In Hill Boone, Elizabeth ed. The Aztec Templo Mayor. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. McCaa, Robert Journal of Interdisciplinary History.

Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 17 February Miller, Mary ; Taube, Karl Minc, Leah D.

Montes de Oca, Mercedes Mora, Carl J. Mexican Cinema: Reflections of a Society, , 3d ed. Mundy, B. Nichols, Deborah L. Nicholson, H.

In Gordon F. Ekholm; Ignacio Bernal eds. In Elizabeth Hill Boone ed. Dumbarton Oaks. Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology.

The Oxford Handbook of The Aztecs. Oxford: Oxford University Press Noguera Auza, Eduardo Translated by George A. Evertt and Edward B.

Offner, Jerome A. Law and Politics in Aztec Texcoco. American Anthropologist. Aztec Medicine, Health, and Nutrition. Ouweneel, A. Pasztory, Esther Aztec Art.

Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Peterson, Jeanette Favrot Visualizing Guadalupe. Pilcher, J. Planet taco: A global history of Mexican food.

Oxford: Oxford University Press. Prem, Hanns J. In Victoria R. Bricker ; Patricia A. Andrews eds. Colonial Latin American Review.

Restall, Matthew Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest 1st pbk ed. Retrieved 31 January — via World Digital Library. Sanders, William T.

In William Denevan ed. The Native Population of the Americas in revised ed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Handbook of Middle American Indians.

Schroeder, Susan Chimalpahin and the Kingdoms of Chalco. Sigal, Pete Smith, Michael E. The Aztecs first ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

In Mogens Herman Hansen ed. Aztec City-State Capitals. University Press of Florida. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. Scientific American.

Soustelle, Jacques Stanford University Press. Taube, Karl A. Aztec and Maya Myths 4th University of Texas ed. Taube, Karl Nichols; Christopher A.

Pool eds. The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology. Tenorio-Trillo, Mauricio Mexico at the World's Fairs. Tomlinson, G. Journal of the American Musicological Society.

Townsend, Richard F. The Aztecs 3rd, revised ed. VanEssendelft, W. A typological analysis of Aztec placenames".

Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. Whittaker, G. Göttinger Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft.

Whitmore, Thomas M. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Witton, M. Acta Geoscientica Sinica. Wolfe, Bertram D. The Fabulous Life of Diego Rivera.

Cooper Square Press. Zantwijk, Rudolph van Zender, Marc University of California Press, Berkeley. New Edition. Translated by Anthony Pagden.

Yale University Press, New Haven. The Conquest of New Spain. Penguin Classics. Cohen trans. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books.

Fernando Horcasitas; Doris Heyden eds. Translated by Fernando Horcasitas; Doris Heyden. Tenochtitlan was one of the greatest cities of the world in that time.

By the early s , at least , people lived in the city. This made Tenochtitlan the largest city in the Americas before Christopher Columbus arrived.

Mexico City now covers the whole area where Tenochtitlan used to be. The Aztecs believed in many gods. Two of the most important gods they worshipped were Huitzilopochtli , the god of war and the sun , and Tlaloc , the rain god.

The Aztecs did many things to keep the gods happy. These things included human sacrifices. The Aztecs also believed that the gods were in an almost never-ending struggle.

The hearts and blood from the sacrifice fed the good gods to give them strength to fight the evil gods. The human sacrifices often took place on the Templo Mayor , the Aztecs' great pyramid temple.

Huitzilopochtli, as depicted in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. Quetzalcoatl in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. Tezcatlipoca in the Codex Borgia.

The Aztecs ate plants and vegetables that could grow easily in Mesoamerica. The main foods in the Aztec diet were maize , beans, and squash.

They often used tomatoes and chili as spices. They also created chocolate. However, they did not have sugar , so their chocolate was a strong liquid with chili in it.

In Aztec society , there were different social classes with different social statuses. The most important people were the rulers.

Next were nobles. These were the Empire's powerful members of the government; great warriors ; judges ; and priests. The next social class was the commoners common people.

These were the Empire's everyday workers. Most of them farmed , ran stores, or traded. Other workers included artisans , regular soldiers , and fishers.

Commoners were allowed to own land as a group or a family. However, a single person was not allowed to own land. The lowest social classes in Aztec society were serfs and then slaves.

Slaves had no rights at all. They were bought and sold at Aztec markets. For most of the Aztec Empire's existence, it was very difficult to move between social classes.

Usually, if a person was born in a social class, they would stay in that class for the rest of their life. Aztecs had harsh punishments for crimes that seem simple to us now.

For example, a person could get the death penalty for adultery ; cutting down a living tree ; moving the boundary of a field to make their land bigger and someone else's smaller; major theft ; treason ; disorderly conduct causing trouble in public , drunkenness ; and promiscuity.

Under Aztec sumptuary law, a commoner could also get the death penalty for wearing cotton. Aztec 'high lords', who were in the top social class.

Merchants , members of "the commoners," carry things they want to sell a long way away. The Aztecs studied astrology and used the movements of the planets and the stars to create different calendars.

They also had a religious calendar which was made up of days. The Aztecs also studied and taught many complex subjects, including geometry , mathematics , debate , law , music , poetry , architecture , and agriculture.

The most popular Aztec sport was Tlachtili. They played this game using rubber balls and vertical hoops on opposite walls in the middle of the court.

Punishment was to be meted out solely by state authorities. Nahua mores were enshrined in these laws, criminalizing public acts of homosexuality, drunkenness, and nudity, not to mention more universal proscriptions against theft, murder, and property damage.

As stated before, pochteca could serve as judges, often exercising judicial oversight of their own members. Likewise, military courts dealt with both cases within the military and without during wartime.

There was an appeal process, with appellate courts standing between local, typically market-place courts, on the provincial level and a supreme court and two special higher appellate courts at Tenochtitlan.

One of those two special courts dealt with cases arising within Tenochtitlan, the other with cases originating from outside the capital. The ultimate judicial authority laid in hands of the Huey tlatoani , who had the right to appoint lesser judges.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Aztec Empire as a political entity. For Aztec culture, see Aztecs.

For Aztec society, see Aztec society. Imperial alliance of city states located in central Mexico during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Engraving of the Teocalli of the Sacred War representing the Aztec coat of arms. Quachtli Cocoa bean. Full list of monarchs at bottom of page.

Main article: Aztec warfare. Main article: Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. See also: Aztec religion. See also: Aztec emperors family tree.

International Studies Quarterly. Retrieved 7 September Oxford University Press Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Stanford University Press.

Somervill Empire of the Aztecs. Infobase Publishing. Glass 18 February In Robert Wauchope ed. University of Texas Press.

University of Oklahoma Press Sarah Cline, and Javier Pescador. Pearson, Douglass K. Ballentine, translator. El Paso: Texas Western Press, Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest 1st pbk edition ed.

New York: Columbia University Press. Mexico, 3rd Ed. The Aztecs. Revised Ed. The Codex Mendoza Vol. University of California Press, p.

American Anthropologist, New Series 85 2, p. Academic Press: New York, pp. Strategies of Legitimation and the Aztec State, in Ethnology, 23 4 , pp.

Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, p. Dumbarton Oaks: Washington, D. Davis, Jack E. University of Oklahoma Press: Norman, pp. Law and Politics in Aztec Texcoco.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , pp. Codex Chimalpahin, Vol. University of Oklahoma Press: Norman. Updated March, Pre-Columbian civilizations and cultures.

Civilizations portal. Empires largest in India Ancient great powers Medieval great powers Modern great powers European colonialism African empires.

The empire on which the sun never sets "Empire" as a description of foreign policy American empire Soviet Empire. Monarchies in the Americas.

Denmark Netherlands United Kingdom. Brazil —89 Haiti —06 —20 —59 Mexico —23 —67 Trinidad and Tobago — List of monarchs in the Americas List of the last monarchs in the Americas.

Categories : Aztec Empire Aztec History of the Aztecs Mesoamerica Indigenous culture of the Americas Former empires in the Americas in Mexico Former confederations Former monarchies of North America History of Mesoamerica Political systems 15th-century establishments in Mexico States and territories established in States and territories disestablished in establishments in North America 15th-century establishments in the Aztec civilization 16th-century disestablishments in the Aztec civilization disestablishments in North America.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.

Maximum extent of the Aztec Empire. Hegemonic military confederation of allied city-states. Nezahualcoyotl Alliance founder. Tetlepanquetzaltzin last.

Pre-Columbian era Age of Discovery. Preceded by. Tlatelolco altepetl. Colhuacan altepetl. Texcoco altepetl.

New Spain. Spanish conquest of Mexico. La Noche Triste. Petlacalcatl , central head of tribute Huecalpixque , provincial overseers of tribute Calpixque , pairs of tribute administrators.

Cihuacoatl [ citation needed ] Tlacaelel , r. Huetlatoani Quinatzin Tlaltecatzin , r. Techotlalatzin , r. Huetlatoani Aculnahuacatl Tzaqualcatl , r.

Library resources about Aztec Empire. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aztec.

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Adjektiv Substantiv.
Atztec In the valley of Morelos, archeologist Michael E. Scientific American. All of these terms introduce their own problems, whether because they are vague, subsume too much variation, Klick Games imposed labels, or are problematic for some other reason. The hegemonic nature of Jigsaw World Aztec empire can be seen in the fact that generally local rulers were restored to their positions once their city-state was conquered and the Aztecs did not interfere in local affairs as Vorarlberger Bergkäse as the tribute payments were made. A decade later, German scientist Alexander von Humboldt spent a year in Mexico, during his four-year expedition to Spanish America. In William Denevan ed. On the occasion that a recently conquered altepetl was seen as particularly restive, Jigsaw World military governor, or cuauhtlatoaniwas placed at the head Atztec provincial supervision. Redirected from Aztec. Translated by Lockhart, James. An especially prized art form among the Aztecs was featherwork - the creation of intricate and Shakhtar Donezk mosaics of feathers, and their use in garments as well as Sandra Von Ruffin Wikipedia on weaponry, war banners, and warrior suits. The new Mexica city-state allied with the city of Azcapotzalco and paid tribute to its ruler, Tezozomoc. Taube, Karl Houses were made of wood Holycalzone loamroofs were made of reed, although pyramids, temples and palaces were generally made of stone. It was the de Bvb Borussia Mönchengladbach and acknowledged center of empire. Anthropologist Eduardo Noguera estimated the population atbased on the house count and merging the population of Tlatelolco once an independent city, but later became a suburb of Tenochtitlan.

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